EXPLORE

Use Current Events to Learn Chinese

Travel

Xu Xiake, the Father of Chinese Backpacking

Xu Xiake, the Father of Chinese Backpacking


There was a famous geographer and traveler 400 years ago in Ming Dynasty of ancient China. He was regarded as the father of Chinese backpacking.

Source 汉语世界网及百度百科

Topic Place, Hobbies, People, Travel

ID M0099

Date of Publication 16-Dec-2015

Rate 59

--

400多年前,在中国的明朝,有一位地理学家以及旅行家,被后人称为中国的背包客之父。他就是徐霞客。

There was a famous geographer and traveler 400 years ago in Ming Dynasty of ancient China. He was regarded as the father of Chinese backpacking.

His name is Xu Xiake.


他出生于一个富裕家庭,自小热爱地理和探险,喜欢到处旅游,欣赏山水景观。

Born into a well-to-do family, he had a strong love of geography and exploration. He is fond of travelling around and admiring the beautiful landscape.


18岁那年,他想要去外面游览名山大川,可是由于父亲的去世,他只能照顾年迈的母亲。

He wanted to take a look out of his hometown, but his father passed away when he was 18, he was left with the responsibility of caring for his elderly mother.


后来,母亲对他说:出去看看吧,回来告诉我你都看了些什么。

But his mother asked him to go travel and tell her what he has seen and heard after coming back.


于是22岁那年,他离开家乡,开始远游。他与母亲定有约定,每年春季出发,秋季回来。为了让母亲知道他都去了哪些地方,他坚持把自己考察的收获记录下来。

th.jpg

He set off at the age of 22.He made a pact with his mother that he could travel when the spring grass sprouted and return when the frost tinged the autumn leaves. He noted everything in his travelogue in order to tell his mother what happened during the journey.


在他流连于祖国山河的同时,也遇到非常多的挑战和危险,其中三次遭遇强盗,四次几乎被饿死,最终他都勇敢的克服了。

Excursions were no mean feat at that time, while he reveled in exploring mountains and climbing rock faces, he went through a lot of challenges and dangers. He was caught by three robberies and has almost starved to death for four times. He overcame the hardship anyway.


就这样,他40多岁的时候,母亲也去世。中国的老话说,父母在,不远游。从此他再也没有任何牵挂,开始四海为家。

He didn’t stop until his mother passed away in his forties. There is an old saying in China, ‘When your parents are alive, do not travel far’. After that, he was free from all filial obligations, he struck out west and became a cosmopolitan. 


54岁那年,他重病去世。他的足迹遍布16个省,相当于大半个中国,留下了64万字的游记手稿,后来被后人整理成《徐霞客游记》。

th (1).jpg

Being seriously ill, he died at the age of 54. He has almost covered 16 provinces, which is more than the half of China, and has penned 640 thousand words.


虽然大部分手稿已经丢失,现存的《徐霞客游记》只是其中的一小部分,但是精准地展示给人们中国的地理风貌和人文古迹。

However, a large part Xu’s writings were lost, only a small part of his work survived, which was compiled by the descendants as Tavel Notes of Xu Xiake. His travelogue is important works which accurately show us the geographical feature and historical sites of ancient China.


START-UP LEARN DISCOVER
Using Yep!Chinese Beginner Chinese Idioms Show
Pinyin Elementary Livin’ It Up In China
Placement Test Intermediate  
  Upper-Intermediate  
  Advanced  
Tools    
Yep!Topic Site News Contact
Yep!Box Privacy Policies
APPs Term of Use  
EXPLORE
Entertainment
Sports
Society
Technology
Economy
Life
Health
Business
Travel