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中国京剧知多少?

中国京剧知多少?


Peking Opera is the China’s national opera. It is one kind of comprehensive performing arts which combines vocal performance, mime, acting, acrobatics and dance. Generations of opera fans,especially seniors cling to its engaging storyline, beautiful paintings, exquisite costumes, graceful gestures and martial arts.

Source 百度百科

Topic Music, Clothes, Colors, Culture, Hobbies, Entertainment

ID M0095

Date of Publication 10-Dec-2015

Rate 62

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京剧是中国的“国粹”,已有200年历史。

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Beijing Opera or Peking Opera is the China’s national opera; it has a 200-year-long history.


它是一种综合性的表演艺术,集合了许多其他戏曲剧种的优点和特长,在清朝时期最为盛行。

It is one kind of comprehensive performing arts which absorbed the strengths and skills of other operas and musical arts. It was extremely popular in the Qing Dynasty.


通过唱(歌唱),念(念白),做(表演),打(武打),舞(舞蹈)的表演手段讲述动人的故事,刻画复杂的人物,表达"喜、怒、哀、乐、惊、恐、悲"等各种感情。

The opera combines vocal performance, mime, acting, acrobatics and dance to present the audience with unfolding stories and profound characters who own ‘joy, anger, sadness, happiness, fear, surprise, desolateness’ and other feelings in the stories.

 

京剧的角色可主要分为:生(男人)、旦(女人)、净(男人)、丑(男/女)四种类型。

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The roles in Beijing Opera fall into four categories- Sheng(生, Male role), Dan (旦, Female role),Jing(净, Painted face male role)and Chou(丑, Clown role).


生(Sheng, Male role)

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旦(Dan, Female role)

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净(Jing, Painted face male role)

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丑(Chou, Clown role)

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京剧的脸谱已经成为中国的标志。

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Beijing opera has become a symbol of Beijing opera or china.


京剧脸谱根据某种性格或者特殊人物而采用不同的颜色。红色,黑色,黄色和白色的脸谱最为常见。脸谱是对实际生活中人物性情的的放大和夸张。

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Peking Opera facial makeup uses different colors whose selection is based on certain personality or special characters. Red, black, yellow and white are the most common face colors. Different roles have different features of age, gender, social status and disposition, which are artificially exaggerated by different makeup.


京剧以它动人的的故事,绚丽的色彩,精致的服饰,讲究的身形手势和扎实的武术动作吸引了一代又一代的中老年剧迷。

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Generations of opera fans,especially seniors cling to its engaging storyline, beautiful paintings, exquisite costumes, graceful gestures and martial arts.


中国最出名的京剧艺术大师是梅兰芳。世界上许多人认为他是京剧的代名词。

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China's most famous Peking Opera artist is Mei Lanfang. Many people in the world regard him as the synonym for Beijing opera.


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